Global warming and natural pollution of life on earth. Scientists will have many ecosystems, islands, including the world’s tourist destinations disappear from the earth’s surface. Ironically, the development of the tourism industry became one of the causes of the disappearance of several tourist destinations in the world.
1. Galapagos Islands, in the Republic of Ecuador
Galapagos Islands consists of 19 volcanic islands that spread on the equator in the Pacific Ocean. The uniqueness of the wild fauna habitat and the beauty of flora in the Galapagos has attracted the attention of tourists and became the world’s tourist destination.
But tourism activity in the Galapagos Islands is the main cause of ecosystem damage in the Galapagos. The increasing number of tourists every year also makes the Galapagos temperature rise.
Transportation, trekking, and illegal fishing have threatened the natural life of wild fauna species in the Galapagos.
Not to mention the existence of natural threats such as erupting volcanoes and earthquakes, making the Galapagos Islands closer to destruction
2. Amazon Rainforest
The Amazon rainforest earned the nickname “Lung of the world” as it is the largest rainforest on earth. Amazon is also home to one third of the world’s flora and fauna habitats. And home to indigenous tribes of the Amazon almost untouched by modern life.
But now, the lungs of this world have lost more than 40% of the forest due to mining activities, agricultural industries, and illegal logging. The destruction of the Amazon rainforest contributes greatly to global warming and keeps the earth’s temperatures warmer.
3. Congo Basin, in Africa
Congo basin is the second largest rainforest in the world. Congo basin spread in seven countries in Africa, and has a unique wild habitat. In Congo basin there is also the Congo river which is the second longest river in the world.
In addition to being a world tourist destination, Congo basin is also a source of diamond mining, petroleum, and wood. This mining activity has damaged Congo basin conditions.
Other causes of Congo basin damage include: illegal logging, animal husbandry, and killing of fauna species in Congo basin. If the damage continues, experts say that two-thirds of the Congo basin forest will disappear by 2040.
4. Dead Sea, on the Jordanian border and Israel
Dead Sea is a world tourism destination that has its own uniqueness, namely:
Dead Sea Water has a salinity of 33.2%, more salty than ordinary sea water,
The high levels of salt in the waters of the Dead Sea allow humans to float over the Dead Sea,
Dead Sea Beach is the lowest part of the earth’s surface.
But this uniqueness will soon disappear. Experts say that the main cause is the chemical plant that drains water from the river in Jordan, which is the source of the Dead Sea water. Makes the flow of water into the Dead Sea decrease.
Dead Sea water levels recede more than 1 meter per year, and a third part of the Dead Sea has been reduced since the last 40 years. If left unchecked, scientists believe that the Dead Sea will disappear within 50 years.
Global warming causes the earth’s temperature to get warmer, making the ice layer (like from the north pole and south pole) melting, so that the sea level rises.
As a result, many small islands that once appeared on the surface of the water, now covered by sea water. One of the archipelagic countries that are victims of global warming is Maldives. The Maldives archipelago consists of about 1,200 islands in the Indian Ocean.
However, rising sea levels of the Maldives have left many of the islands in the Maldives disappearing. The sinking of the islands in the Maldives occurred so rapidly, to the extent that the Maldives government drafted plans to buy land in neighboring countries like India. The land will be a new residence for future Maldives residents.
Seychelles is similar to Maldives. Seychelles is one of the smallest countries in the world. The country is home to some 90,000 inhabitants spread across 115 islands. The beauty of this archipelago makes Seychelles nicknamed one of the world’s paradises.
Like the Maldives, the Seychelles islands are also threatened to lose their islands due to rising sea levels, erosion and damage to coral reefs. Scientists believe the Seychelles archipelago will sink completely within 50 years.
7. Venice, in Italy
The city of Venice consists of 118 small islands connected by canals and bridges. The architectural beauty of Venice city attracts 21 million tourists each year, and puts Venice at number 28 as the most visited city and a world tourist destination.
Unfortunately, tourism activity in the city of Venice became the main cause of the sinking of the city of Venice. Now it has not really sunk, but the water that separates the islands in Venice continues to rise. Until some surveys predict the city of Venice will sink completely 50 years away.
8. Alps, in Switzerland
The Alps are renowned for luxury skiing in Europe, and are visited by about 120 million tourists each year. Peak of the Alps can be seen from 8 countries in Europe: Austria, Italy, Germany, France, Monaco, Liechtenstein, Slovenia, and Switzerland.
Unfortunately, the ice sheet in the Alps disappears 3% every year. The cause is an avalanche of ice, heat waves, and global warming to make the ice sheet continues to decrease. Scientists estimate that the ice sheet from the Alps will disappear entirely by 2050 if no protection is to be prevented.
9. Taj Mahal, in India
The Taj Mahal is considered the most famous symbol of love in the world, as King Shah Jahan built this Taj Mahal in memory of his dead wife. The name Taj Mahal is also taken from his wife’s name, namely: Mumtaz Mahal. The monument that began construction in 1648 is planned to be closed to the public because it has suffered severe damage.
The Indian government stated that the cause of the Taj Mahal’s damage was air pollution from a chemical plant around the Taj Mahal. Dirty air containing sulfuric acid from a chemical plant damaged the Taj Mahal marble surface. Makes the marble surface turn yellow and shrink. The chemicals used to clean the Taj Mahal also damage the floor and walls of the Taj Mahal.
10. The Great Barrier Reef, in Australia
The Great Barrier Reef is the largest coral reef network on earth, and can be seen from outer space as it has a length of over 2,300 kilometers. Because of its uniqueness, The Great Barrier Reef became one of the popular tourist destinations in Australia.
The Great Barrier Reef suffered severe damage since the Australian government opened a port for trade. Pollution, rising water temperatures, human activities, and turbines built around coral reefs have damaged the condition of coral reefs and all the surrounding habitats. Many expect the Great Barrier Reef to disappear within 100 years.
World travel destinations that are threatened to disappear due to the development of the tourism industry is ironic. But you may want to visit it before the tourist destination actually disappears.