Global warming and extreme climate change make the highest glow-covered peaks in Norway melt. This makes thousands of ancient artifacts discovered in Norway by archaeologists. These artifacts are believed to date from 4000 BC (BC). This artifact is found like a treasure that has long buried.
The thousands of ancient artifacts revealed include clothing, weapons, ski equipment, and more than 2,000 relics. These artifacts are found in the Jotunheimen area and around the mountains in Oppland. In addition, well-preserved haul skeleton artifacts are also found in the area.
“Ice is a time machine, when you’re really lucky, it’s open for the first time since they’re gone.” says Lars Pilö, an archaeologist who works for the board of Oppland County Archaeologists in 2013
The relics revealed by the melting ice can illustrate the past. The international team of researchers then conducted carbon dating of thousands of ancient artifacts, to know the pattern of hunting and trade among the ancient people who once inhabit these icebergs.
By knowing the pattern, scientists hope to uncover various interesting trends in the Bronze and Iron era. One of the most surprising patterns is the likelihood of increased activity in a period known as the Small Archaeic Ice Age or Late Antique Little Ice Age.
In the discovery of thousands of ancient artifacts there is also a radiokarbon dart – dated 2,000 BC found lying on the ice on the plateau where deer hunting. This is the coldest temperature period that spans the year 536-660 AD, when many crops fail, and the population shrinks. However, there is no decrease in the number of objects found from that period.
The researchers argue, when agriculture fails, hunting will increase. It can then be seen the high number of discoveries dating from the 8th to 10th century AD, possibly reflecting population increases, mobility including the use of mountain lanes, and trade.
“It’s very impressive when we can say that this melting ice has been 5,000 years old, and this is the only major ice melt in the last 7,000 years,” says Albert Hafner, an archaeologist at Bernsays Hafner University. “Ice is the most emotional way to show climate change.”
The period shortly before and during the viking era was a time of massive expansion in Scandinavian territory. More cities means more people who need horns and wildebeest fur are the most hunted animals to survive.
At other times, such as around the 11th century onwards, the researchers reported that there was a decrease in the number of findings. This kind of decline is likely to be due to improved agricultural methods, worsening climatic conditions, or the presence of epidemics. Although thousands of ancient artifacts are found, but the work of the glacial archaeologists is not over.
Archaeologists are still searching for other relics and learning more about Norwegian history. In addition, archaeologists also continue to preserve and preserve objects of relics found, especially clothing and textiles before the ice melts and before the impending weather conditions destroy them all.
But unfortunately for archaeologists, the rate of ice loss from year to year coupled with a very small chance to explore the huge pile of Glacier, which means some of the relics of prehistoric times will be exposed, damaged and lost before anyone is lucky to find and have a chance to learn it .
“We may not find much or we can wait for a Jackpot,” Lars Pilø said. “It all depends on melting conditions, and the progression of damage during the modern times.
Norway’s mountains may still hide a lot of history – and prehistory – in remote ice sheets. In fact, archaeological finds from the late period of the stone age, are very rare in Norway. That means archaeologists may find some ancient artifacts of prehistory in the coming decades, if lucky of course.